On the campus level, Campus Crusade finds itself caught between two focuses--apostolic and pastoral. On the one hand there are thousands of students on campus who do not know Jesus. On the other hand, there are lots of Christian students who need to find Christian community, and grow in their faith.
Walter Brueggemann in his book The Prophetic Imagination suggests another way of seeing the apostolic and pastoral differences through the embodiment of Moses and Solomon's leadership. Here are the distinctions he makes...
- And he said, “I will make all my goodness pass before you and will proclaim before you my name ‘The LORD.’ And I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy." --Exodus 33:16
- High Emphasis on the Freedom of God--God reveals himself as free to show compassion on whomever he chooses.
- Low Emphasis on the accessibility of God--God cannot be found by everyone; some are excluded from access to him by God's own sovereign choice.
- "As soon as Solomon finished his prayer, ufire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, vand the glory of the LORD filled the temple." --2 Chronicles 7:1
- High Emphasis on the Accessibility of God--God is established/confined to the temple, a place where Israel knows he can be found
- Low Emphasis on the Freedom of God--There is no need for God to be sought out apart from the temple; no reason why God would show up anywhere else.
The early part of Campus Crusade's history had a Mosaic type of leadership. Bill Bright lived as though God was free to work in new places and in new ways--the organization had a culture of boldness, faith, and courage. Skill and management were second to faith and messiness.
The last part of Campus Crusade's history has transition to a Solomonic type of leadership. God and 'what he wants to do' through us is confined to how he's worked in the past. Although there is much talk of the future, it seems like few can articulate the future in a way that seeks to preserve our past status and old paradigms of ministry. There is a high value on skill, management, and maintenance.
The Solomonic model of leadership is not worse than the Mosaic--both were ordained by God. The challenge is that Campus Crusade, as a missions organization, is tied to the Mosaic leadership model at heart, yet the dominant ministry culture of the day, especially in the US, is the Solomonic. Although there are certainly elements of Solomonic leadership that are beneficial to us, I believe we need to take a dramatic shift back to the Mosaic model in order to maintain our vision and organizationally integrity.
How do you see each of these two models playing out?